When the fruit that produces maggots is kept well it will produce income. This marxism may seem incomprehensible. Yet it is a true statement that has a lot of weight, far heavier than twenty elephants. The issue of child Labour is mostly popular in less endowed countries like Philippines, India, Kenya, Ghana and many more. We always read about causes of such bizarre circumstances yet we hardly ever consider it’s impact on the economy. This article shall delve deep into it.
Weak labour force
Children are engaged in a vast array of manufacturing activities and service provision. On one estimate, around 14 million child laborers – 7 per cent of the total – are involved in manufacturing. While incidents of child labor abuses in overseas affiliates of western multinational companies make occasional headlines, the overwhelming bulk of child labor takes
place in the informal sector, where weak regulation exposes children to hazardous conditions.
These children have no skilled training hence in the bid to cut corners, employers would have to spend more time in training these infants. Additionally, their work out put will be minimal because they are not strong enough to withstand the pressure involved in such frivolous works.
Having a weak labour force is a precursor to low productivity. According to a review by
Gordon Brown in his book Child Labor
Breaking the Link, Building Opportunity, he identified that some people take advantage of these unfortunate children. For instance, the use of child labor in cocoa cultivation has come under the international spotlight in recent years, largely because of the connection to western consumers. Smallholder cocoa farms in West Africa, the world’s major exporting region, are heavily reliant on child labor. Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana have a combined total of close to 2 million children working on cocoa farms, with around half of the children involved in cocoa cultivation are engaged in a least one hazardous activity . There is evidence that children from neighboring countries – including Mali and Burkina Faso – are trafficked or sold as bonded labor to meet labor demands. If these claims hold water, how efficient could these children fair on the various farms. It is also likely they may fall ill as a result. These will therefore make productivity low.
Owing to the fact that the country that has lots of child labour issues is likely to have a weak labour force, low productivity, it is also possible to face their attendant commandant, bankrupt future. There are few accurate verifiable statistics on the sexual exploitation of children as the crimes involved are covert and associated with feelings of shame. On one estimate from UNICEF,
around 1.8 million children enter the commercial sex trade each year. In the Philippines, young girls are exploited in sex tourism industries and trafficked throughout Asia and the Middle East
for forced labor and prostitution. Studies in India suggest that over 40 per cent of women sex workers enter prostitution before the age of eighteen (United States Department of Labor 2011).
Research in Zambia has documented the impact of HIV/AIDS and economic shocks in forcing
children into employment involving sexual exploitation. A detailed assessment conducted in 2006
by the Central Statistical Office found that almost two-thirds of the children involved in commercial sexual exploitation were either single of double orphans. Almost half of the children came from households that had experienced some form of shock. One in five of the girls interviewed
reported having to perform sex for accommodation, raising concerns about those working in foreign lands. Surely, any country that faces this problem certainly has a bankrupt future.
To sum it all up child labour brings a lot of distress to the economy. It allows the country to have low productivity, bankrupt future and a weak labour force. All these things continue to make a country mark time and march back into poverty.
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